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Eriya Daidaita Wutar Lantarki

Wasu bayanai na Suna:

 

RET: Tiling Lantarki mai nisa

RCU: Sashin Kula da Nisa

CCU: Sashin Kulawa na Tsakiya

 

  1. Eriya na gyaran injina da lantarki

1.1 Mechanical downtilt yana nufin daidaitawa kai tsaye na kusurwar karkatar da jiki na eriya don canza ɗaukar hoto. Lantarki downtilt yana nufin canza wurin ɗaukar hoto ta hanyar canza yanayin eriya ba tare da canza matsayin eriya ta zahiri ba.

1.2 Ka'idodin daidaita eriya ta kunna wutar lantarki.

Babban katako na tsaye yana samun ɗaukar hoto na eriya, kuma daidaitawar kusurwar ƙasa yana canza ɗaukar hoto na babban katako. Don eriyar kunna wutar lantarki, ana amfani da madaidaicin lokaci don canza yanayin siginar wutar lantarki da aka samu ta kowane abu mai haskakawa a cikin tsararrun eriya don cimma karkatar ƙasa na babban katako na tsaye. Yana da aikace-aikacen fasahar tsararrakin radar a cikin sadarwar wayar hannu.

Ka'idar lantarki downtilt ita ce canza yanayin ɓangaren eriya na collinear, canza girman sashin a tsaye da sashin kwance, da canza ƙarfin filin abin haɗaɗɗiyar, don yin zanen kai tsaye na eriya. kasa. Saboda ƙarfin filin kowane shugabanci na eriya yana ƙaruwa kuma yana raguwa a lokaci guda, ana tabbatar da cewa tsarin eriya ba ya canzawa da yawa bayan an canza kusurwar karkatar, ta yadda za a gajarta nisan ɗaukar hoto a cikin babban hanyar lobe, kuma a lokaci guda, duk tsarin jagora yana raguwa a cikin sashin sabis na salula. Yanki amma babu tsangwama.

Eriya mai daidaita wutar lantarki gabaɗaya daidaita da'irar vibrator akan tsarin jiki na motar don cimma canjin hanyar vibrator, wannan shine canjin lokaci, wanda ke canza yanayin ciyarwar kowane vibrator ta hanyar daidaita tsayin hanyar sadarwar ciyarwa don cimma ƙasa. karkatar da katakon eriya.

2. Eriya ta kunna wuta

gini:

Azimuth da kusurwar filin wurin shigarwa na eriya ana sarrafa su ta injiniyoyi.

An daidaita kusurwar farar eriya ta hanyar daidaita kusurwar lokaci.

Ikon nesa na waya

Gabaɗaya yana haɗa mai sarrafa tashar tushe ta hanyar RS485, RS422, kuma mai sarrafawa zai haɗa cibiyar sarrafa nesa ta waya ko mara waya.

Haɗin mara waya

Gabaɗaya haɗin kai kai tsaye tare da cibiyar sarrafawa ta bangaren sadarwa mara waya.

 

2.1 Tsarin

2.2 Antenna

eriyar karkatar da wutar lantarki mai nisa ya ƙunshi eriya da naúrar sarrafa nesa (RCU). Dalilin da ya sa eriyar kunna wutar lantarki na iya ci gaba da daidaitawar wutar lantarki mai daidaitawa shine amfani da canjin lokaci na tashoshi da yawa wanda za'a iya daidaita shi ta hanyar injiniya, na'urar ita ce shigarwa ɗaya da fitarwa da yawa, ta hanyar injin watsa injin na iya canza yanayin siginar fitarwa lokaci guda ( canza hanyar oscillator). Sannan ana gudanar da na'urar ta hanyar Remote Control Unit (RCU).

Za'a iya raba madaidaicin lokaci zuwa nau'i biyu kawai: bambancin shine cewa jujjuyawar motar shine daidaita tsawon layin watsawa ko daidaita wurin da kafofin watsa labarai suke. Wurin watsa labarai.

 

Eriya na kunna wutar lantarki

 

Cikin eriya kamar haka:

 

2.3 RCU (Nau'in sarrafawa mai nisa)

RCU ya ƙunshi motar tuƙi, da'ira mai sarrafawa da tsarin watsawa. Babban aikin da'irar sarrafawa shine sadarwa tare da mai sarrafawa da sarrafa motar tuki. Tsarin tuƙi ya haɗa da kayan aiki wanda za'a iya haɗa shi da sandar watsawa, lokacin da kayan aikin ke juyawa ƙarƙashin motar motar, sandar watsawa za a iya ja, don haka canza gangaren gangaren eriya.

An raba RCU zuwa RCU na waje da ginanniyar RCU.

Eriyar RET tare da ginanniyar RCU yana nufin cewa an riga an ɗora RCU zuwa eriya kuma an raba gidaje tare da eriya.

eriyar RET tare da RCU na waje yana nufin cewa mai sarrafa RCU yana buƙatar shigar da RCU tsakanin madaidaicin ƙirar ESC na eriya da kebul na ESC, kuma RCU yana wajen abin rufe fuska na eriya.

RCU na waje na iya zama ingantacciyar fahimtar tsarin sa, don haka bari in gabatar da RCU na waje. A cikin sauki kalmomi, RCU za a iya fahimtar a matsayin m iko na mota, daya shigar da siginar sarrafawa, daya fitarwa motor drive, kamar haka:

RCU motar ciki ce da da'ira mai sarrafawa, ba ma buƙatar fahimta; bari mu dubi dubawar RCU.

RCU da RRU dubawa:

Ƙididdigar RET ita ce ke dubawa zuwa layin sarrafawa na AISG, kuma gabaɗaya, ginanniyar RCU kawai tana ba da wannan haɗin gwiwa zuwa RRU.

Matsakaicin tsakanin RCU da eriya, ɓangaren farin a cikin hoton da ke ƙasa shine mashin motsa jiki, wanda aka haɗa da eriya.

A bayyane yake cewa RCU yana motsa motar kai tsaye don sarrafa mai canza lokaci a cikin eriya maimakon sarrafa mai motsi ta hanyar wayar siginar; ma'amala tsakanin RCU da eriya tsarin watsawa ne na inji, ba tsarin sigina ba.

Eriya ta waje ta RCU

Bayan an haɗa layin amsa, RCU ta haɗa zuwa eriya kuma ta haɗa zuwa eriyar kunna wutar lantarki kamar haka:

2.4 AISG na USB

Don ginanniyar RCU, saboda an haɗa shi a cikin abin rufe fuska na eriya, ya isa ya haɗa kebul ɗin eriyar kunna wutar lantarki kai tsaye tsakanin eriyar (ainihin RCU na ciki), da RRU. Ko RCU na ciki ne ko na waje, haɗin tsakanin RCU da RRU ta hanyar layin sarrafawa na AISG.

  1. AISG (ƙungiyar ma'auni na ƙirar eriya) ƙaƙƙarfan ƙungiya ce don ƙirar eriya. Gidan yanar gizon shinehttp://www.aisg.org.uk/, galibi ana amfani da su don sarrafa nesa na eriya ta tashar tushe, da kayan hasumiya.
  2. AISG ya haɗa da ƙayyadaddun ƙayyadaddun mu'amala da ka'idoji, kuma yana bayyana ma'anar sadarwa mai alaƙa da hanyoyin sadarwa.

 

2.5 sauran na'urori

 

Mai raba siginar sarrafawa shine na'urar da ake amfani da ita don haɗa manyan direbobi zuwa layin sarrafawa a layi daya. Yana haɗuwa ta hanyar kebul sannan ya raba sigina da yawa daga direbobi masu yawa. Yana da aikin kariyar walƙiya kuma ya dace da sarrafa madaidaicin igiyoyin sarrafawa. Hakanan yana iya tsawaita mai sarrafa tashar jiragen ruwa guda ɗaya don ba da damar sarrafa eriya guda uku a lokaci guda a cikin tashar tushe.

 

Ana amfani da mai kama siginar sarrafawa don samun damar tsarin kayan aikin da ke da alaƙa don kariyar walƙiya na na'urar, yana kare sigina masu aiki da yawa a lokaci guda, dacewa da sarrafa kai tsaye na direba ta hanyar tsarin kebul na sarrafawa lokacin da tsarin ta hanyar T shugaban don sarrafawa, ba za ku iya amfani da wannan mai kama ba. Ka'idar kariyar walƙiya ta siginar mitar rediyo ba ɗaya ba ce. Ana samun ta ta hanyar kariyar wuce gona da iri. Mai kama ciyarwar eriya ba abu ɗaya bane, kar a ruɗe.

 

Mai sarrafa abin hannu wani nau'in mai kulawa ne da aka ba da shawara wanda aka ƙera don gyara filin. Yana iya yin wasu ayyuka masu sauƙi a kan direba ta latsa maballin madannai a kan panel. Ainihin, ana iya gwada duk ayyuka ta hanyar gudanar da software na gwaji akan kwamfutar. Hakanan za'a iya amfani dashi don kammala ayyukan sarrafawa na gida inda ba'a buƙatar kulawar ramut.

 

Mai sarrafa tebur shine mai sarrafa ramut wanda aka shigar a cikin madaidaicin hukuma. An haɗa shi da tsarin ta hanyar Ethernet kuma yana iya sarrafawa da sarrafa kayan aikin eriya na tashar tushe a cikin cibiyar kulawa. Babban aikin wannan mai sarrafawa iri ɗaya ne, amma tsarin ba ɗaya bane. Wasu an yi su ne da ƙa'idar chassis na 1U, wasu kayan aiki, sannan a haɗa su don yin haɗin haɗin gwiwa.

 

An haɗa ƙarshen T-head na eriya zuwa ƙarshen eriya a cikin tsarin sarrafawa ta hanyar mai ciyarwa. Zai iya kammala daidaitawar siginar sarrafawa da lalatawa, ciyar da wutar lantarki, da aikin kariyar walƙiya. A cikin wannan makirci, an kawar da mai kama siginar sarrafawa da kuma dogon kebul zuwa mai sarrafawa.

 

Tushen tashar tashar T shugaban shine kayan aikin da aka haɗa zuwa tashar tashar tushe a cikin tsarin sarrafawa ta hanyar mai ciyarwa. Zai iya kammala daidaitawar siginar sarrafawa da lalata, ciyar da wutar lantarki da aikin kariyar walƙiya. Ana amfani da shi tare da t-head na eriya na ƙarshen hasumiya, wanda aka kawar da mai kama siginar sarrafawa da kuma dogon kebul zuwa mai sarrafawa.

 

Hasumiya amplifier tare da ginannen T-head ne a hasumiya saman amplifier a ciki hadedde tare da eriya karshen T-head, sanya kusa da eriya a cikin tsarin sarrafawa ta hanyar feeder. Yana da yanayin fitarwa na AISG da aka haɗa da direban eriya. Ya kammala haɓaka siginar rf amma kuma yana iya kammala ciyarwar wutar lantarki da sarrafa siginar daidaitawa da aikin lalata da mallakar da'irar kariyar walƙiya. Irin wannan hasumiya ana amfani dashi sosai a tsarin 3G.

 3.Amfani da eriya kunna wutar lantarki

3.1 yadda tashar tushe ke amfani da RCU

Saukewa: RS485

PCU+ Long AISG na USB

Siffar: a cikin amplifier na hasumiya, ta hanyar AISG dogayen igiyoyi, daidaita eriya ta PCU.

 

Ana watsa siginar sarrafa tashar tushe da siginar DC zuwa RCU ta hanyar kebul na multi-core AISG. Babban na'urar na iya sarrafa RCU ɗaya daga nesa kuma sarrafa RCU da yawa.

 

Modulation da yanayin lalata

CCU na waje + AISG + RCU

Fasaloli: ta hanyar doguwar kebul na AISG ko mai ciyarwa, daidaita eriya ta CCU

 

Tashar tushe tana daidaita siginar sarrafawa zuwa 2.176MHz OOK siginar (baiOn-Off Keying, binary amplitude keying, wanda shine lamari na musamman na tsarin ASK) ta hanyar BT na waje ko ginanniyar, kuma yana watsa shi zuwa SBT ta hanyar kebul na coaxial RF tare da DC sigina. SBT yana kammala jujjuya juna tsakanin siginar OOK da siginar RS485.

 

 

3.2 Yanayin eriya mai nisa

Hanyar da ta fi dacewa ita ce sarrafa wutar lantarki ta hanyar sarrafa cibiyar sadarwa ta tushe. Ana aika bayanan sarrafawa zuwa tashar tushe ta hanyar gudanarwar cibiyar sadarwa na cibiyar sadarwa, kuma tashar tashar tana watsa siginar sarrafawa zuwa RCU, daidaitawar kusurwar dip na lantarki na eriya mai daidaitawa ta hanyar RCU. Bambanci tsakanin gefen hagu da dama ya ta'allaka ne a hanyar da tashar tushe ke watsa siginar sarrafawa zuwa RCU. Gefen hagu yana watsa siginar sarrafawa zuwa RCU ta hanyar kebul na mitar rediyo na tushe, kuma gefen dama yana watsa siginar sarrafawa zuwa RCU ta tashar tashar daidaita wutar lantarki ta tushe.

A zahiri, hanyar daban shine amfani da RCU daban.

 

3.3 RCU

Magani: SBT(STMA)+RCU+ hadedde cibiyar sadarwa ko RRU+RCU + hadedde cibiyar sadarwa

Akwai nau'ikan RET guda ɗaya kawai akan kowane RRU/RRH, kuma lokacin da ɗaya/2 RRU ya buɗe sel da yawa (RRU tsaga), RCU yana buƙatar ruɗe.

Ana iya daidaita eriyar ESC da hannu ta hanyar ja alamar bugun jini da hannu a wajen eriyar.  

3.4 Tsarin Antenna

Ana buƙatar daidaita eriya ta hanyar lantarki don tantance yadda eriyar ke da wutar lantarki.

eriyar ESC tana goyan bayan mafi ƙanƙanta da matsakaicin kusurwoyi don saita maki biyu makale, amma bayan karɓar umarnin daidaitawa, na'urar bawa tana korar direba don motsawa cikin kewayon kusurwa. Da farko, auna nisa tsakanin maki biyu makale, sa'an nan An kwatanta jimlar bugun jini a cikin fayil ɗin daidaitawa (ana buƙatar daidaitawa da ainihin kuskuren su kasance cikin 5%).

 

 4. Dangantaka tsakanin AISG da eriya da aka daidaita ta lantarki

AISG ta bayyana ma'anar mu'amala da yarjejeniya tsakanin CCU da RCU.

 

 


Lokacin aikawa: Satumba-03-2021
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