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Bayani mai sauri na bakan 5G na duniya

Bayani mai sauri na bakan 5G na duniya

 

A yanzu, sabon ci gaba, farashi, da rarraba bakan 5G na duniya mai zuwa:(kowane wuri mara daidai, da fatan za a gyara ni)

1.China

Da farko, bari mu kalli rabon 5G Spectrum na manyan Ma'aikatan cikin gida guda huɗu!

Mitar mitar ta China Mobile 5G:

Mitar mitar 2.6GHz (2515MHz-2675MHz)

Mitar mitar 4.9GHz (4800MHz-4900MHz)

Mai aiki Yawanci bandwidth Jimlar bandwidth Cibiyar sadarwa
Rikicin mita Rage
China Mobile 900MHz(Band8) Uplink:889-904MHz Downlink:934-949 MHz 15 MHz TDD: 355 MHzFDD: 40 MHz 2G/NB-IOT/4G
1800 MHz(Band3) Uplink:1710-1735MHz Downlink1805-1830MHz 25 MHz 2G/4G
2GHz(Band34) 2010-2025MHz 15 MHz 3G/4G
1.9GHz(Band39) 1880-1920MHz 30 MHz 4G
2.3GHz(Band40) 2320-2370MHz 50 MHz 4G
2.6GHz(Band41, n41) 2515-2675MHz 160 MHz 4G/5G
4.9GHz(n79 4800-4900MHz 100 MHz 5G

Sin Unicom 5G mitar band:

Mitar mitar 3.5GHz (3500MHz-3600MHz)

Mai aiki mita bandwidth Todal bandwidth hanyar sadarwa
Rikicin mita iyaka      
China Unicom 900MHz(Band8) Uplink:904-915 MHz Downlink:949-960MHz 11 MHz TDD: 120 MHzFDD: 56 MHz 2G/NB-IOT/3G/4G
1800 MHz(Band3) Uplink:1735-1765MHz Downlink:1830-1860MHz 20 MHz 2G/4G
2.1GHz(Band1, n1) Uplink:1940-1965MHZ Downlink:2130-2155MHz 25 MHz 3G/4G/5G
2.3GHz(Band40) 2300-2320MHz 20 MHz 4G
2.6GHz(Band41) 2555-2575MHz 20 MHz 4G
3.5GHz(n78) 3500-3600MHz 100 MHz  

 

 

China Telecom 5G Frequency band:

Mitar mitar 3.5GHz (3400MHz-3500MHz)

 

Mai aiki mita bandwidth Todal bandwidth hanyar sadarwa
Rikicin mita iyaka
China Telecom 850 MHz(Band5) Uplink:824-835MHz

 

Downlink:869-880MHz 11 MHz TDD: 100 MHzFDD: 51 MHz 3G/4G
1800 MHz(Band3) Uplink:1765-1785MHz Downlink:1860-1880MHz 20 MHz 4G
2.1GHz(Band1, n1) Uplink:1920-1940MHz Downlink:2110-2130MHz 20 MHz 4G
2.6GHz(Band41) 2635-2655MHz 20 MHz 4G
3.5GHz(n78) 3400-3500MHz 100 MHz  

 

Mitar mitar 5G Radio International:

4.9GHz(4900MHz-5000MHz), 700MHz bakan bakan ba tukuna kuma ba a bayyana mitar ba tukuna.

 

 2. Taiwan, China

A halin yanzu, farashin siyan nau'in 5G a Taiwan ya kai dalar Taiwan biliyan 100.5, kuma adadin da aka yi na 3.5GHz 300M (Golden mita) ya kai dalar Taiwan biliyan 98.8. Idan babu masu aiki don yin sulhu da barin wani ɓangare na buƙatun bakan a cikin 'yan kwanakin nan, adadin kuɗin zai ci gaba da hauhawa.

Tallace-tallacen 5G na Taiwan ya haɗa da bangs na mita uku, wanda 270MHz a cikin rukunin 3.5GHz zai fara akan dalar Taiwan biliyan 24.3; Haramcin 28GHz zai fara akan biliyan 3.2, kuma 20MHz a cikin 1.8GHz zai fara akan dalar Taiwan biliyan 3.2.

Dangane da bayanan, farashin siyar da siginar 5G na Taiwan (dala biliyan 100) bai kai adadin bakan 5G ba a Jamus da Italiya. Koyaya, dangane da yawan jama'a da rayuwar lasisi, Taiwan ta riga ta zama ta ɗaya a duniya.

Kwararru sun yi hasashen cewa tsarin ba da izinin bakan 5G na Taiwan zai ba masu aiki damar kara farashin 5G. Wannan shi ne saboda kuɗin 5G na wata-wata ya fi dalar Taiwan sama da 2000, kuma ya zarce kuɗin ƙasa da dalar Taiwan 1000 da jama'a za su iya karɓa.

3. Indiya

Kasuwancin bakan a Indiya zai ƙunshi kusan 8,300 MHz na bakan, gami da 5G a cikin rukunin 3.3-3.6GHz da 4G a cikin 700MHz, 800MHz,900MHz,1800MHz,2100MHz,2300MHz, da 2500MHz.

Farashin farashin kowane raka'a na bakan 700MHz shine Rufin Indiya biliyan 65.58 (dalar Amurka miliyan 923). Farashin bakan 5G a Indiya ya kasance mai cike da cece-kuce. Ba a siyar da wannan bakan a gwanjo a shekarar 2016. Gwamnatin Indiya ta kayyade farashin ajiyar kan Rupe na Indiya biliyan 114.85 (dalar Amurka biliyan 1.61) a kowace raka'a. Farashin ajiyar gwanjo na 5G bakan ya kasance 4.92 biliyan Indiya (miliyan 69.2)

4. Faransa

Faransa ta riga ta ƙaddamar da kashi na farko na tsarin siyar da bakan na 5G. Hukumar Sadarwa ta Faransa (ARCEP) ta fitar da matakin farko na tsarin ba da bakan bakan na 3.5GHz 5G, wanda ke ba kowane Ma'aikacin hanyar sadarwa ta hannu damar neman 50MHz na bakan.

Ana buƙatar ma'aikacin da ke nema don yin jerin alkawurran ɗaukar hoto: dole ne ma'aikaci ya kammala tushen tashar 3000 na 5G nan da 2022, yana ƙaruwa zuwa 8000 ta 2024, 10500 nan da 2025.

ARCEP kuma tana buƙatar masu lasisi don tabbatar da ɗaukar nauyi a wajen manyan biranen. 25% na rukunin yanar gizon da aka tura daga 2024-2025 dole ne su amfana da wuraren da ba su da yawa, gami da wuraren tura fifiko kamar yadda masu gudanarwa suka ayyana.

Dangane da gine-ginen, ma'aikatan Faransa guda huɗu na yanzu za su karɓi 50MHz na bakan a cikin rukunin 3.4GHz-3.8GHz akan ƙayyadadden farashi na Yuro 350M. Tallace-tallacen da ke gaba za ta siyar da ƙarin shingen 10MHz farawa daga Yuro 70 M.

Duk tallace-tallace suna ƙarƙashin ƙaƙƙarfan sadaukarwar mai aiki don ɗaukar hoto, kuma lasisin yana aiki na shekaru 15.

5. Amurka

Hukumar Sadarwa ta Tarayyar Amurka (FCC) a baya ta gudanar da gwanjon sikeli na millimeter wave (mmWave) tare da jimillar tayin da ya haura dalar Amurka biliyan 1.5.

A zagayen baya-bayan nan na gwanjon bakan da aka yi, ‘yan kasuwa sun karu da kashi 10% zuwa kashi 20 cikin 100 a kowane zagaye tara da suka gabata. Sakamakon haka, da alama jimillar kuɗin da aka yi tayin ya kai dalar Amurka biliyan uku.

Yawancin sassan gwamnatin Amurka sun sami rashin jituwa kan yadda ake kasafta bakan mara waya ta 5G. FCC, wacce ke tsara manufofin ba da lasisin bakan, da Sashen Kasuwanci, waɗanda ke amfani da wasu mitoci don tauraron dan adam, suna cikin rikice-rikice, masu mahimmanci don hasashen guguwa. Sassan sufuri, makamashi, da ilimi su ma sun yi adawa da shirin buɗe tashoshin rediyo don gina hanyoyin sadarwa cikin sauri.

A halin yanzu Amurka tana fitar da 600MHz na bakan da za a iya amfani da shi don 5G.

kuma Amurka ta kuma ƙudiri aniyar cewa za a iya amfani da tashoshin mitar 28GHz(27.5-28.35GHz) da 39GHz(37-40GHz) don ayyukan 5G.

 6. Yankin Turai

Yawancin yankunan Turai suna amfani da rukunin mitar 3.5GHz, haka kuma 700MHz da 26GHz.

An kammala gwanjo ko tallace-tallace na 5G: Ireland, Latvia, Spain (3.5GHz), da United Kingdom.

An kammala gwanjon bakan da za a iya amfani da su don 5G: Jamus (700MHz), Girka da Norway (900MHz)

An gano gwanjon bakan 5G don Austria, Finland, Jamus, Girka, Italiya, Netherlands, Romania, Sweden, da Switzerland.

 7. Koriya ta Kudu

A watan Yuni 2018, Koriya ta Kudu ta kammala gwanjon 5G don mitar mitar 3.42-3.7GHz da 26.5-28.9GHz, kuma an tallata shi a cikin rukunin mitar 3.5G.

Ma'aikatar Kimiyya da Watsa Labarai da Fasahar Sadarwa ta Koriya ta Kudu a baya ta bayyana cewa tana fatan kara yawan bandwidth na 2640MHz a cikin bakan 2680MHz da a halin yanzu aka ware don hanyoyin sadarwar 5G nan da shekarar 2026.

Ana kiran aikin 5G+ spectrum plan kuma yana da nufin sanya Koriya ta Kudu ta sami mafi girman nau'in 5G a duniya. Idan an cimma wannan burin, za a sami bakan 5G na 5,320MHz a Koriya ta Kudu nan da 2026.


Lokacin aikawa: Yuli-29-2021
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